New road drives growth in Comoros

New road drives growth in Comoros

New road drives growth in Comoros

A new road is expected to offer huge benefits to the people on the island of Comoros.

Last week the people of the Union of the Comoros celebrated the completion of a major road that will open-up its agriculturally rich areas and provide reliable access to its popular tourist centres.

The new USD30-million road is expected to result in a 27% increase in daily traffic along the route as well as reducing operating cost by 30% for cars and 33% for trucks. The roadway will reduce average journey times by 50%.

The 49.2km section of the National Road 2 (RN2) will link the capital of Grande Comore (the main island of the Comoros archipelago), to the Foumbouni region in the islands south-east. The RN2 is the only access road to the popular tourist towns of Ouroveni and Male.

The upgrading of this section of the RN2 was undertaken in two phases. The first 11-kilometre section was completed in 2021 and a second section of 38.2 km was opened for traffic in June 2024.

Improving connectivity (New road drives growth in Comoros)

Improving connectivity is essential to enable Comoros to participate effectively in regional and global value chains, particularly in the context of the African Continental Free Trade Area and in view of Comoros’ accession to the World Trade Organisation.

The African Development Bank’s Board of Directors is expected to review the extension of USD136-million in grants for Comoros to participate in regional integration, including for the rehabilitation and extension of the port of Moroni, the expansion of the port of Boingoma, and the establishment of economic zones.

The African Development Bank’s portfolio for the Comoros comprised 10 projects with total commitments of USD106.7-million. Operations in the transport sector account for 78% of the total portfolio, followed by energy (9%), agriculture (8%) and multi-sector (5%) projects.

Strategically located in the Mozambique Channel, between East Africa and islands of the Indian Ocean, the Union of the Comoros is at the junction of several trade routes.

The perfumed islands (New road drives growth in Comoros)

Comoros, is an independent state comprising three of the Comoro Islands in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa. A fourth island of the Comorian archipelago, Mayotte, is claimed by the country of Comoros but administered by France.

The volcanic islands of the Comorian archipelago have been called the “perfumed islands” for their fragrant plant life and are known for their great scenic beauty.

The four main islands of the archipelago—“four small effervescent stones, wedged between the nearby large red island [Madagascar] and the Mozambican coast,” in the words of the Comorian writer Sitti Saïd Youssouf—combine African, Arabic, Malagasy, and French influences and were once important in the significant Indian Ocean trade between East Africa and Asian ports such as India and Japan (From Brittanica (https://www.britannica.com/place/Comoros)

Comoros is densely populated, with approximately 465 inhabitants per square kilometre 53% of the population under 20 years of age. High population density places intense pressure on natural resources and the environment.

According to the World Bank the country’s location and topography are among the most climate-vulnerable in the world, and 54.2% of the population lives in at-risk areas.

New road drives growth in Comoros

New road drives growth in Comoros
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