Action needed to reverse biodiversity loss

Action needed to reverse biodiversity loss

Immediate action and funds are needed to deliver on the commitment by 196 countries to halt and reverse biodiversity loss by 2030. 

Two years later than planned, due to delays caused by the Covid-19 pandemic, the adoption of the Kunming-Montreal Agreement during the United Nations convention on Biodiversity (COP15) in Canada, aims to halt and reverse biodiversity loss by 2030, a global goal hailed as the equivalent to the globes global warming goals.

The agreement’s goal is to conserve at least 30% of land, freshwater and ocean globally, while respecting the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities and recognising the contributions of indigenous and traditional territories towards the target’s tally.

Despite its good intentions, the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) has warned that the agreement’s goal of reversing biodiversity loss by 2030 could be undermined if weak language in critical areas such as the protection of intact ecosystems and tackling unsustainable production and consumption is not addressed at the national level.

Agreement sends a clear signal (Action needed to reverse biodiversity loss)

According to Marco Lambertini, Director General of WWF International, the Global Biodiversity Framework sends a clear signal and must be a launch pad for action from governments, business, and society to transition towards a nature-positive world, in support of climate action and the Sustainable Development Goals.

“Although the agreement represents a major milestone, and biodiversity has never been so high on the political and business agenda, it can be undermined by slow implementation and failure to mobilise the promised resources,” says Lambertini.

“It also lacks a mandatory ratcheting mechanism that will hold governments accountable to increase action if targets are not met. We must now see immediate implementation of this agreement,” adds Lambertini.

Finance package remains contentious (Action needed to reverse biodiversity loss)

One of the most contentious issues in the negotiations was the finance package to support conservation efforts globally, and particularly in developing countries.

In the end governments committed to eliminate subsidies harmful to nature, and to substantially increase the level of financial resources from all sources by 2030, mobilising at least USD200-billion per year. This represents roughly a doubling from the 2020 baseline. A further major achievement was the commitment to increase international financial flows to USD20-billion by 2025 and to USD30-billion by 2030.

According to Lin Li, Senior Director of Global Policy and Advocacy at WWF International the Kunming-Montreal Agreement gives nature a fighting chance at recovery in a world currently divided by geopolitics and inequality. “WWF is particularly encouraged to see the language on species has improved substantially in the final agreement. A commitment to halt the extinction of species by 2030 is the minimum level of ambition required in the face of past failures and an accelerating extinction crisis,” says Lin Li.

“The agreement’s mission to halt and reverse biodiversity loss by 2030 has the right level of ambition, but if we add up the goals and targets, they alone aren’t enough to achieve this. For example, it lacks a numerical target to reduce the unsustainable footprint of production and consumption. This is disappointing and will require governments to take action at the national level. Nevertheless, we’re hopeful. Two weeks’ ago, we had a mountain of differences to resolve. Today, we leave with an agreement that starts, at least, to heal our relationship to nature,” adds Li.

It will now be essential that countries deliver on the Kunming-Montreal Agreement. This includes translating it into ambitious national plans and policies commensurate with the scale of the nature crisis. Countries must update national biodiversity strategies and action plans to align them with the global goal of reversing biodiversity loss by 2030.

Action needed to reverse biodiversity loss

Endorphin Expeditions, an affiliate company of WhyAfrica, is a tour operator that undertakes three specialist multiday overland road trips per year and provides specialist day tours in and around Johannesburg, South Africa.   

Specialist tours:

  • Mining history and geology tour of Northern South Africa and Namibia
  • Wildlife, birding, and coastal tour of South Africa
  • Deserts of Southern Africa (Succulent and Nama Karoo, Botswana Kalahari, and Namib desert) 

WhyAfrica reports about, and publishes newsletters, magazines and research reports about natural resources and the primary sectors of African economies, and the infrastructure, equipment and engineering methods needed to extract and utilise these resources in an efficient, responsible, sustainable, ethic and environmentally friendly way, so that it will benefit the people of Africa.

Furthermore, WhyAfrica promotes Africa as an investment and travel destination, analyses the continent’s business environment and investment opportunities, and reports on how the political economies of African countries affect their development.         

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The 2022 Southern Africa Road trip issue of WhyAfrica’s magazine is now available in print. The magazine was distributed in South Africa, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Botswana during WhyAfrica’s 2022 Southern Africa Overland Road Trip, the company’s new and innovative platform. WhyAfrica has expanded its product range and now offers its readers, followers, advertisers, subscribers and partners the following:

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Action needed to reverse biodiversity loss


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